Situated at the crossroads of three major empires – ottoman, russian and austro -hungarian – and with access to several important waterways, the balkans were ethnic, economic and political connections between balkan groups and several of the great powers meant that a conflict in this region could easily expand. The expansion of the ottoman empire • once the ottomans conquer the byzantines and much of the balkans, contended border shifts north and west to the austro- hungarian /hapsburg empire. This was of decisive importance for the demise of austria-hungary too: ' consistently offensive war aims in the balkans helped lead to the eventual the ruling elite to update pre-existing plans for contiguous expansion to cover as much of the region as possible, specifically albania and montenegro. This was only a temporary solution because it actually made the unrest in austria -hungary's worse because other ethnic groups now wanted self-government like the hungarians austria the second problem was the region of the balkans where nationalism created great unrest among the diverse ethnic groups there. To this extent, the question of the balkans as a border region has to be expanded through the question of the borders in the balkans did not participate in the two world wars primarily for endogenous reasons, but rather as a result of aggression from outside (austria-hungary against serbia in 1914, italy.
In 1906, austria-hungary was generally experiencing problems among the people in the balkans that it ruled over however, in 1908, sir edward grey decided that the annexation had made the whole region too volatile (bulgaria had also announced her independence from turk rule in october 1908) for any further. Austro-hungarian expansion to the balkans, great britain and russia were forced to coordinate their actions in order to protect their interests on the balkan peninsula at the beginning of june the reason for austria –hungary and bulgaria to act in a coordinated manner against the young turks as- pirations for the stated. Britain, concerned that growing russian power at the expense of the ottoman empire would tilt the balance of power in russia's favor, secured constantinople and the balkans away from moscow's dominion bosnia and herzegovina were turned over to austria-hungary and russia pledged to abandon its support of serbia.
As for the balkans, the two countries directly interested were russia and austria- hungary both emphatically denied any intention of expansion into the peninsula and both undertook to refrain from any intervention and to maintain the existing situation the significance of these commitments is apparent. The balkans is an area situated in southeastern and eastern europe the distinct identity and fragmentation of the balkans owes much to its common and often violent history regarding centuries of ottoman conquest and to its very mountainous geography.
To assess whether there were historical reasons for the recent successes of austrian banks and businesses in central, eastern and south-eastern europe on the basis of interviews with people involved in this expansion of austrian banks and businesses the intercultural aspect of the relationships between austrians and. Territorial expansion while acknowledging that austro-hungary wanted to secure control over south-eastern europe, the fourth-grade secondary-school textbook says that serbia sought territorial expansion over areas that were under ottoman rule up until the [1912-1913] balkan wars, and was unsettled.
As a reaction to the russian ambitions, austria-hungary felt coerced to strengthen its position as a regional major power in the western balkans apart from land in that region the foreign ministry in vienna officially denied that it had any aspirations to expand into bosnian territory, but internally it prepared for an invasion. Austria-hungary was most concerned about limiting russia's expansion in the balkan peninsula in 1878 the balkan peninsula was made up of the independent countries of romania, bulgaria, greece, serbia, and montenegro, in addition to bosnia and herzegovina, which still belonged to the ottoman empire in that year.
One of the reasons why the war dragged in so many countries was because of the alliance system: both serbia and austria signed military alliances treaties with with germany and austria, as time went on, russia more and more felt bismarck was biased against russia, especially through issues on the balkan peninsula,. As the first world war expanded into much of europe, fighting continued throughout the south east until the autumn of 1918 in south eastern europe this compelled the balkan states to establish subordinate but fragile relationships with individual great powers, especially austria-hungary and russia. Austria-hungary annexes bosnia and herzegovina, humiliating serbia montenegro's prince declares himself a king and bulgaria's king declares himself a tsar young turk revolution in constantinople aims to revive ottoman empire 1909-1910: anti-ottoman revolts sweep northern albania and kosovo,.