Empedocles: (450 bc, see history of science - west) described 4 elements with 4 qualities, which had a great effect on the development of medical theory 4 seasons, which affect mind and body 4 visible secretions (blood, phlegm, bile - yellow and black) all body fluids composed of various proportions of blood ( warm. According to the humoural theory passed down from the greek hippocratics 2500 years ago and established until modern times, we harboured all four humours in the we were born with a certain temperament that was made up of a mixture of these humours: the body`s constitution or complexion, orkrasis (in greek), was. Humourism is a philosophical theory originating from he greek philosopher empedocles who implied that all things are combinations of the four basic elements: earth, water, fire and hippocrates stated that the qualities of the four elements are reflected in our bodily fluids namely blood, phlegm, yellow bile and black bile. Their notion that 4 bodily fluids—blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and black bile— caused illness persisted for more than 2000 years in the west until the rise of natures to earth, air, fire, and water—the 4 elements of which all matter was composed, according the greek philosopher empedocles, a contemporary of hippocrates.
No bodily fluids to be maintained in balance empedocles has been credited as the first to develop the four elements theory32 and its supplemental balance theory (kranz, 1983) the hippocratic medical theories of four humors and balance are highly accordant with the theory of four elements in line with the world as a. The ancient theory that health and illness result from a balance or imbalance of bodily liquids (humors) the theory is especially associated with hippocratic writers, but it long antedates hippocrates humoralism is a variant of empedocles ' theory of the four roots (earth, air, fire, water), the later four elements, then the. The axiomatic division-theory of humours was a general theory of biological life however, when the actual, bodily state of a human being became involved, it was often narrowed down to an equilibrium-theory (two-fold) a healthy person commended a right mixture (krasis) of the four bodily fluids, which. It referred to the four fluids thought to be present in the human body: blood, yellow bile, black bile, and phlegm in an ideal situation, each of the greek philosopher empedocles (circa 450 bc) described these elements in his on nature and perhaps founded the concept of the four humors aristotle later.
In ancient times many physicians based their medical practices on their theory of bodily humors or fluids in the classic form of the theory physicians regarded health as depending upon the balance of four humors in the body: blood, phlegm , yellow bile (choler) and black bile blood was the source of vitality, choler or yellow. Further development of this theory by observation of the human body, led to the “ humor theory” or “bodily fluids” theory based on four fluids whose imbalance led to disease the four humors were “blood” or sanguineous, which belongs to the air element, “phlegm”, which belongs to water, “yellow bile”.
The doctrine of temperament can be traced to the theory of humors which is a microcosmic form of the macrocosmic theory of the four elements (earth, water, air, fire) as first proposed by empedocles (v bc) and the four qualities (dry, wet, cold, hot) humoral theory states that there are four body humors, and their proper. These four body fluids were linked (in daft ways by modern standards) to certain organs and illnesses and also represented the four temperaments or four humours (of personality) as they later became known” (montogomery, 2002 in odportal, sd) “humorism, or humoralism, is a discredited theory of the makeup and.
Empedocles was a greek pre-socratic philosopher and a citizen of akragas, a greek city in sicily empedocles' philosophy is best known for originating the cosmogenic theory of the four classical elements he also proposed forces he called love and strife which would mix as well as separate the elements these physical. Hippocrates equated the four elements with the four fluids of the human body (fire was the yellow bile, earth was the black bile, air represented the blood, and water galen was a second century ce physician who embraced and combined hippocrates's humoral theory and aristotle's theory of the elements and qualities. There is an utterance of necessity, an ancient decree of the gods, eternal, sealed fast with broad oaths: whenever any one defiles his body sinfully with bloody gore or perjures himself hear first the four roots of all things: shining zeus, life- bringing hera, aidoneus and nestis whose tear-drops are a well-spring to mortals.
Empedocles is best known as the oldest exponent of the four-element theory of matter—earth, air (or aether), fire, and water—which endured until the advent of the on nature was given all the physical, cosmological, and biological fragments, while to the purifications were attributed the teachings on reincarnation and. This theory held that four humors or bodily fluids held the secret to health these humors were this theory can be seen as part of the larger greek cultural movement – visible from thales through aristotle and beyond – away from supernatural modes of explanation towards naturalistic explanations galen. Cos is the greek island where empedocles, a generation before, had founded a medical fraternity and developed the theory that the universe is driven by the general proposition is that man is created from the same four elements that cause the origin of all life, and each element is predominant within the bodily fluids.
Known as the four temperaments from hippocrates, and the four humors from galen, these great medical minds believed that a balance of 4 bodily fluids was necessary to the new evolution of jung's theories now had 4 dichotomies of personality, focusing on normal populations and naturally occurring differences:. The hellenes (greeks) especially have always known hema as the well-known red fluid of the human body greek scientific soul) [3, 4, 18] (b) finally, the most glaring of these errors is the misinterpretation of the theory of empedocles ( c492-432 bc) “the soul, or the blood circulating around the heart. Empedocles of agrigentum proposed that the entire universe consists of four basic elements (= rhizomata or racins): earth, water, air and fire according to this theory, human beings consist of a soul and a body, which contain four humors: blood, phlegm, black and yellow bile, that correspond to the four organs of the body:.
Aristotle''s psychology was intertwined with his philosophy of the mind, reasoning and nicomachean ethics, but the psychological method started with his brilliant he proposed the idea of four 'humours' within the human body, each responsible for a different aspect of the human condition, and believed that an imbalance. Hippocratic medicine was influenced by the pythagorean theory that nature was made of four elements (water, earth, wind and fire), and therefore, in an analogous way, the body consisted of four fluids or 'humors' (black bile, yellow bile, phlegm and blood) the physician had to reinstate the healthy balance of these. The concept of four elements: air, water, earth, and fire, thought to have its origin with the greek philosopher empedocles about 440 bc, held sway for many centu- ries aristotle (384-322 bc) added to this concept that the properties of substances are the result of the simultaneous presence of certain fundamen.